Hidden East Anglia:
Landscape Legends of Eastern England
King John's Hole
A dank pool known as King John's Hole is said to exist somewhere on the southern side of the King's Lynn to Long Sutton Road. This is alleged to be the hiding place of King John's treasure, lost somewhere between Walpole St. Andrew and Long Sutton in Cambridgeshire, when the king, his army and his baggage train were surprised by the tide as he set out across the Wash in 1216, heading for Newark in Nottinghamshire.
Source: W. A. Dutt: 'The Norfolk & Suffolk Coast' (T. Fisher Unwin, 1909), p.400.
Giant Hickathrift's effigy
On an outside wall of the church (TF502168), in a corner between the north aisle and the chancel, is a stone figure about 20 inches high, very weathered. The architectural historian Pevsner says that it’s a 'caryatid', a female supporting figure, but local tradition says rather that it's an effigy of Tom Hickathrift, the famous Norfolk giant.
Tom is said to have thrown a stone from the Marshland Smeeth through the church wall here, and a small hole used to be shown as proof. Meanwhile, in the churchyard Tom is believed to have defeated the Devil in either a wrestling match or a game of football, and some say the hole in the wall was caused by the Devil lobbing a ball at Tom.
In more recent times, another tale seems to have arisen that a small hollow in the churchyard is the result of Hickathrift hurling a cannonball at the Devil, to frighten him away. At least, that is what the rector told the Fenland Family History Society in July 2006, when he gave them a guided tour of the church.
In a connected bit of folklore from many miles away in Suffolk, locals would often refer to 'Old Icklethrift' who 'kicked a stone ball from Beccles to Bungay.'
For more details, and the full story of Norfolk's giant, see 'The Quest for Tom Hickathrift'.
King John's jewels
There are two chapels within All Saints church (TF47711055), but which is the one that the rector in 1932 had heard called 'King John's Chapel' is unknown. Thirty years earlier, the verger recalled his great-grandfather having told him the local legend that the king's jewels were buried beneath the floor of that chapel, and not lost near the shores of the Wash in 1216 as told (above) near Walpole St. Andrew.
Source: E.A. Kent: Excursion Report in 'Norfolk Archaeology' Vol.25, part 1 (1932), p.xxv.
The well-preserved Warham Camp hillfort (TF944409 area) was made in the Iron Age by the Iceni, but tradition says that it was actually built by the Danes, as a nearby field is called Sweyne's Meadow after an alleged Scandinavian chieftain. According to legend, the Saxons from Crabb's Castle (TF909395 area, a former earthwork at nearby Wighton) once drove the Danes out of Warham Camp by poisoning the river that follows past the ramparts.
Source: R. H. Mottram: 'East Anglia' (Chapman & Hall, 1933), p.58.
Right on the Watlington/Tottenhill parish boundary, on Watlington Road at TF636103, is a barely-noticeable bridge over a small stream. Tales tell that once, long ago, men stole the bells from Tottenhill church just over a mile away. As they were too heavy to carry away in one go, the robbers hid the bells under this bridge for safe-keeping - but, they were of course found, and the thieves later apprehended and hanged. After this event, the name of Thieves' Bridge stuck, and indeed a road, a wood and a nearby farm are now so named after the bridge. As it happens, one of the bells of St. Botolph's was indeed stolen in 1642, and it only has one now, so it seems the legend may have a kernel of truth.
Source: Arthur Randell (ed. Enid Porter): ‘Sixty Years a Fenman’ (R & K P, 1966). P.78.
The Babes' tree
An old oak in Wayland Wood, a little to the south-east of the town of Watton, was demolished by lightning in August 1879, with only the stump remaining. This is supposed to have been the very tree under which the bodies of the 'Babes' of the Babes in the Woods tale were found. The ballad was first published in Norwich in 1595, and it seems to have been very soon afterwards that this location was first identified with the events of the tale. The stump of the blasted oak was chained off, and the exact location apparently forgotten since the early 20th century.
Charles Kent: 'The Land of the Babes in the Wood' (Jarrold & Sons, 1910), p.11 (includes picture of the alleged tree stump).
George Jessop: 'Watton Through the Ages' (1985).
‘Norfolk Fair’ Vol.2, No.9, p.20.
There aren't exactly a lot of legends about this tunnel, because it actually exists - and it's now known to be a 19th century sewer. That wasn't always the case, as locally it was once thought to be 16th century, and contemporary with the buildings above, many of which were destroyed in the town's great fire of 1674. The purpose of the tunnel was previously unknown, leading to speculation about supposed branches leading to other properties. In 1982, Adcock's Electrical store in the High Street expanded into the building next door, and "workmen rediscovered an old tunnel under the building which was said to be 30 feet long, seven wide and high enough for a man to stand up in".1 Before that, in the 1950s, it was alleged that a branch of it headed towards the Red Lion pub in Harvey Street, while another seemed to aim for the Crown Hotel. Everything seems to centre on the Clock House (TF915008), which was supposedly erected shortly after the fire, and beneath which the tunnel was inspected in 2010 by the Wayland Heritage Photo Group.2 It really does seems to be no more than a sewer about two hundred years old, that simply served the High Street and the properties close to it.
The miles-long Fossditch or Fendyke (TL771953 area) is said to have been created by the Devil dragging his foot along the ground, and later, in scraping off his boot, the clod of soil fell to form Thetford Castle earthworks.
Source: Mark Knights: 'Peeps at the Past' (Jarrold & Sons, 1892), p.42.
Near the church are the moated remains of the castle built in 1180 by Ralph de Plais. About a mile away, close to the road, is a round barrow known as Pepper Hill, or Pepper High Hill, (TL787882), from the tradition that here Cromwell stood his cannon to 'pepper' the castle.
Source: W. G. Clarke: 'In Breckland Wilds' (Robert Scott, 1925), p.128.
In one of several ancient burial mounds in Weeting parish, an unnamed man is said to have been buried standing upright.
Source: W. G. Clarke: 'In Breckland Wilds' (Robert Scott, 1925), p.128.
Blenheim House dates from 1740 and is said to have been used by smugglers, who had access to the quay via a secret tunnel.
Source: former weblink www.historic-uk.com/StayUK/East/BandB/
The tiny hamlet of Gold Hill (TL533923) sits beside the B1411 just inside Welney parish, next to the Hundred Foot Washes in the middle of Fenland, with the border between Norfolk and Cambridgeshire bisecting it. Once it was no more than a mound, only slightly raised above the marshland, where the old Fenmen lived a meagre existence in their rough huts. Here some of King John's treasure was said to have been hidden, stolen from him at Wisbech Castle long before the rest was washed away near Walpole St. Andrew.
Source: W. H. Barrett: ‘Tales from the Fens’ (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1963), p.133-5.
The Maiden's Tomb
Only the shell of the medieval St. Edmund's church (TG508117) now remains, but until its removal in 1896, there used to be on top of the tower a peculiar pyramid-like structure known as The Tomb, or the Maiden's Tomb, which would once have been visible from the sea. It was actually no more than the apex of the tiled roof projecting above the top of the tower, but the locals invented a tale for it.
Source: W. A. Dutt: 'The Norfolk Broads' (Methuen, 1903), p.334.
The Blood Hills
The Blood Hills here (TG473185 area, now covered with wind turbines) are traditionally named from a legend that on these slopes was fought a battle between Saxons and Vikings, a conflict so terrible that the hillsides ran red with blood. The name Gibbet Hill nearby also suggests other possibilities.
Source: James Wentworth Day: 'Marshland Adventure' (Harrap & Co, 1950), p.33.
The stolen tower
Walton has a 13th century church of St. Mary (TF471133), and the tower, about 60 or 70 feet from the nave, stands on open arches at the entrance to the churchyard. Tradition says that the Devil tried to steal the entire tower, then attached to the church, but found it too heavy and dropped it where it stands.
Source: William Andrews (ed.): 'Antiquities & Curiosities of the Church' (Hull Press, 1896), p.17.
To the north of the village, Priory Farm (TF483137) is largely Victorian in structure. Although it may be on the site of an older building, there was never a monastic building here, the name being due to its former ownership by the Priory of Lewes. Nevertheless, there is a suggestion of monkish activity, evidenced by a floor slab in the kitchen with a ring in it, said to be the entrance to a tunnel with an unstated destination.
According to a ploughman, there were 'hollow hills' in a field just north-east of St. Mary's church. This field (TF63301594) was called Church Close on the 1841 tithe map. Although "possible underground structure" is the suggestion by historians - who apparently haven't investigated - the phrase 'hollow hills' is well-known in folklore as having been applied to both ancient burial mounds, and the dwelling places of fairy folk. Sometimes they were one and the same. Neither can be seen here today.
No Man's Friend
'No Man's Friend' was the local name for a 'cursed' field on the cliff-edge to the north-west of Weybourne village, but it fell into the sea in the late 20th century. A contributor to the 'Eastern Daily Press' in 1964 alleged that ownership of the land would invariably bring bad luck, with at least one despairing farmer throwing himself off the cliff at that point.
The hill straddles the boundary between the parishes of Weybourne and Upper Sheringham, in the area of TG128431. Local legend says that it gained its name because here, far outside their village, the Weybourne victims of the Black Death were buried in mass graves.
Wicked Hampton & Hell Fire Gate
In the chancel of St. Andrew's church (TG027454) is a medieval altar-tomb, upon which are the full-size effigies of Sir William Gerbrygge and his wife, who are said to have founded the church in 1272. Until badly defaced, each held in their hands a small stone heart. Sir William actually still does, but that's the result of a partial restoration in the 1830's. Despite the fact that one is obviously a woman, tales tell that these are the effigies of two brothers named Hampton, who quarreled over the boundaries of the parishes Wickhampton and Halvergate that each owned.
The quarrel became a battle, the site of which is said to be marked by a piece of flint masonry set into the side of a ditch somewhere along the boundary. For hours they fought with fist and sword until finally they tore out each other's heart. God in his fury turned them to stone and put their bodies in the church with their hearts in their hands as a dire warning to others. From that day the two parishes became known as Wicked Hampton and Hell Fire Gate.
'Choice Notes from Notes & Queries: Folk-Lore' (Bell & Daldy, 1859), p.165.
John Glyde: 'The Norfolk Garland' (Jarrold & Sons, 1872), p.68.
The coach from the pit
Every night, so it used to be said, a phantom coach emerges from a pit somewhere in this parish, and returns there after a quick ride round the area.
Source: 'Eastern Counties Magazine, or Suffolk Note-Book', Vol.1, , No.2 (Nov. 1900), p.119.
About two miles south of the 15th century church of St. Mary Magdalen is a farmhouse called Crabb's Abbey (TF601078). The name is all that's left of a 12th century convent for Augustinian nuns, Crabhouse Abbey. Old folk in the village say they can remember a tunnel once connecting the two. But if it went in a straight line, it must have passed beneath the Great Ouse river at least twice.
Source: 'The East Anglian Magazine' (July 1975), p.430.
Saxons & Danes
Just north of the village, at TF936405, is the Old Vicarage. When the foundations were being dug in 1836, "a large quantity of human bones and ancient pikes" were uncovered, which local tales said were the remains of a battle between Saxons and Danes once fought here.
Source: William White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk 1845.
The Bible Oak
"A decayed veteran held together by iron bands, with its enormous arms propped up" is how the famed Winfarthing Oak (TM106871 area) was described in the early 20th century. Its remains can be found near Lodge Farm on the Earl of Albemarle's estate in Winfarthing, north of Diss. At the time of the Norman Conquest, it's said that this "magnificent tree which in 1744 measured 68 feet in circumference at the extremity of its roots" was reputed to have been called the Old Oak.
In later times it was renamed the Bible Oak, from the fact that a box had been fitted to the tree to perform as a money collector for the British and Foreign Bible Society. This hollow shell, which finally crumbled in 1953, was so massive within that it could easily hold thirty men at one time, and indeed there could once be seen inside it a number of tables and chairs used to convene the Winfarthing parish meetings.
W. A. Dutt: 'Norfolk' (Methuen, 1902), p.236.
Lily Palmer, in the 'East Anglian Magazine' (Oct. 1960), p.712.
In a road called The Lane, near its junction with Black Street, is a black granite boulder known to the natives simply as 'The Stone' (TG494195). This is roughly 1m x 60cm x 60cm high, and is obviously not in its original position, as it sits on top of the pavement. Only a few yards away, four roads meet to form the marketplace, and the stone used to be a favourite spot for the old fishermen to sit and tell yarns.
That was all I knew of The Stone until recently, but now it seems that it actually had legendary powers at one time. In 1931, road improvements meant that The Stone had to be moved - but riots ensued, as the people held that the boulder's disturbance was the cause of that year's poor fishing catch, and it was replaced the following year.1
Source: 1. http://www.heritage.norfolk.gov.uk-Winterton
"Were I was a Keeper we had a verry large Warren beside the road running from Wormagay. One day the warriners were digging at the bottom of a large hill were Oliver Cromwell was supposed to have planted his guns wen he destroyed Pentney Abby..."
Source: The 'King of the Norfolk Poachers' in Lilias Rider Haggard (ed.): 'I Walked by Night' (Oxford University Press, 1982)
A tunnel is said to run from the church at Worstead (TG301260) to that at Tunstead (TG308227), both dedicated to St. Mary. The passage is thought to begin at the latter church in a vaulted chamber beneath a unique - and so far unexplained - platform behind the altar. Supposedly local people remembered a time long ago when the tunnel was opened up, then swiftly closed again due to 'bad air'.1
In Worstead itself can be found St. Andrew's Cottage, with a 15th century undercroft. Legend says that another tunnel ran from here to the nearby St. Mary's, or to the alleged site of St. Andrew's church (TG303259) - which was recorded up to the 16th century, but then disappeared - or to Dilham Castle (TG334262), the partial remains of a fortified manor house, now within Hall Farm a few miles to the east.2
1. Former weblink http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/
2. Worstead Heritage Trails (Worstead Parish Council, July 2012), p.18.
St. Mary's church features in another old legend, that of the phantom White Lady who only appeared there when the clock struck midnight on Christmas Eve. Ernest Suffling recorded that, in 1830, a drunken man swore that he would go there and ring the church bell at twelve, so that he could meet the Lady and give her a kiss. When no bell sounded, his fellow drinkers from the nearby King's Arms inn went in search of him, only to find him a gibbering mess in the bell chamber. Back at the inn, he revived a little, only to start crying wildly "I've seen her! There! There!" Then he collapsed again, and died the same day.
Source: Ernest R. Suffling: 'History & Legends of the Broad District' (Jarrolds, 1891), p.127.
Wymondham Abbey (TG106015), originally founded as a priory in 1107, is said to have a secret subterranean passage running from it to the nearby Green Dragon Inn, used once upon a time by 'misbehaving monks'.
Barbara Vesey: 'The Hidden Places of East Anglia' (Travel Publishing Ltd, 7th edition, 2003), p.200.